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Definition

Patient Therapeutic Education (PTE) is an educational accompaniment that aims to help the patient acquire the skills he needs to best manage his addictive behaviors and regain control of his health.
 

ETP improvesthe efficiency of personal care,andcreates a collaborative dynamic between the patient and the therapists. This allows the patient to improve his self-esteem and to experience the guilt of addiction with less difficulty.

Principles and goals

Therapeutic education enables patients to acquire useful skills to become an actor of their recovery by getting involved in the management of their addiction. Following a therapeutic education program, the patient may be able to:
 


  • better understand his or her addiction and thus be able to accept it;

  • Know the benefits and side effects of his or her treatments

  • Know what preventive measures to take to develop a sound environment

  • Recognize a worsening of his or her health and thus be able to react adequately;

  • Identify the factors or circumstances that trigger peaks in the resurgence of addiction to better avoid them;

  • solve the daily difficulties associated with his or her addiction.


 

A therapeutic education program usually takes place in three main stages:
 


  • establishing an educational diagnosis with the patient to get to know him or her better,identifying his or her needs, defining the skills to be acquired or mobilized;

  • proposal of a therapeutic education program customized by the teaching team with, depending on the needs, appropriate group and/or individual sessions;

  • At the end of the program, an individual evaluation will provide an update on one’s understanding and achievements, propose new sessions if necessary, and provide a report to the treating practitioner.


Indications and target audience

This type of support is particularly suitable for patients suffering from addictions. Therapeutic education can be advocated for all patients with chronic diseases of all ages.
 

According to WHO, Patient Therapeutic Education (PTE) aims to « help patients acquire or maintain the skills they need to best manage their lives with a chronic disease. »
 

Programs can involve a loved one if the patient wishes. They are considered to be particularly effective for patients with recent diagnosis but may be useful at any other time of treatment or any time during the evolution of the pathology.