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Memory disorders

What are memory disorders and when you should worry about them?

Definition of memory disorders

Cognitive functions refer to the capacities that our brain has to memorize, to concentrate, to organize, to reason, or even to communicate. They allow an individual to be autonomous, free and active in their future, by interacting optimally with its environment.
These cognitive functions, of which memory is a part, can be impacted by various factors such as, among others, stress, age, diet, lifestyle, but also various pathologies or disorders such as depression.
We often referred to memory disorder (or “memory impairment”) a decrease in the ability to memorize a new fact or to find a memory, or both.
There are several types of memory loss or disorder:

  • retrograde amnesia: when an individual forgets memories prior to the start of their memory impairment, old facts.

  • anterograde amnesia: the individual forgot the facts and events of his daily life, as they appeared. The memory loss only concerns recent events.

  • lacunar amnesia: the individual’s memory loss then concentrates over a certain period, corresponding to an episodic phenomenon (loss of consciousness, epilepsy attack, etc.). The other person’s memories are not damaged.

Causes of memory disorders

Memory is part of the intellectual function of an individual. Several factors can damage it. As mentioned above, unhealthy living (stress, diet, overwork …) can play a role in impairing intellectual functions.
Psychiatric disorders and pathologies can also be at the origin of memory disorders. Depression, in particular, due to its effects on the brain, can lead to memory disorders. Finally, the pathologies of cerebral ageing are causes of significant memory disorders, which should be diagnosed at an early stage.

How to treat memory disorders ?

If significant discomfort related to memory loss is detected, we offer a course of care ranging from the precise diagnosis of disorders to personalised care.
The treatment process generally begins with a diagnostic phase, in the screening pole, thanks to a complete psychological assessment and possibly, brain imaging. The objective is to obtain the most precise diagnosis possible of the memory disorders encountered by the patient.
Thereafter, personalised treatment according to the disorders encountered is set up. This includes medication adjustment if necessary. It also includes remediation/rehabilitation of disorders, using specific computer software and computer tablet.